Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 11, Issue 3&4,2013
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

The impact of Niger food imports and food aid on domestic food production: Co-integration and vector error correction approaches


Seydou Zakari, Liu Ying *

Recieved Date: 2013-05-10, Accepted Date: 2013-10-02


Maintaining food availability at national and household level is a major priority for Niger and for many developing countries. Past experiences have shown that Niger is affected by severe food insecurity as result of poor performance of agriculture to produce enough to meet population needs. Food availability can be achieved by a combination of domestic supplies, imports and food aid. It is important, therefore, to understand the relationship between these three variables to assure food security in the long run. The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact Niger imports and food aid on grain production. Co-integration and vector error correction techniques were used in establishing this relationship. The study revealed that both the coefficients of food import and food aid have no significant effect on Niger domestic production in their long-run relationship. In the short-run, we found that production has significant negative impact on food aid. Similarly, food aid is found to have a positive effect on food import and statistically significant at 1% level. The causality analysis found that there is unidirectional causality running from production to food aid flow and to food import. Low production periods are normally followed by high emergency food aid flow to recipient country. As the majority of Niger population depends on local production, thus, addressing constraints to the sector through investment in irrigation, research, extension services and adequate input supply to enhance domestic production and to reduce the food gap currently being met through import and food aid flow.


Niger, production, import, food aid, VEC model, co-integration

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2013
Volume: 11
Issue: 3&4
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 75-80

Full text for Subscribers

Note to users

The requested document is freely available only to subscribers/registered users with an online subscription to the Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment. If you have set up a personal subscription to this title please enter your user name and password. All abstracts are available for free.

Article purchasing

If you like to purchase this specific document such as article, review or this journal issue, contact us. Specify the title of the article or review, issue, number, volume and date of the publication. Software and compilation, Science & Technology, all rights reserved. Your use of this website details or service is governed by terms of use. Authors are invited to check from time to time news or information.

Purchase this Article:   20 Purchase PDF Order Reprints for 15

Share this article :