Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Effects of rural-urban interactions on rural dwellers’ participation in community based projects in Edo and Ondo States, Nigeria


A. Olaniyan, J.O. Okunlola

Recieved Date: 2023-01-22, Accepted Date: 2023-03-30


The economy of most developing countries of Africa such as Nigeria is almost solely dependent on agriculture. This arise from the fact that a large proportion (70%) of Nigeria’s populace are domiciled in rural areas and primarily engaged in agriculture as their source of livelihood. However, in-spite of the various interventions, the much desired improvement in the infrastructural and economic conditions of most rural areas in the country seems to be a mirage as a gap exists between the urban and the rural areas in terms of their level of development. This study therefore examined the effects of rural-urban interactions on rural dwellers’ participation in community based projects in Edo and Ondo States, Nigeria. The population of the study comprised all the rural dwellers in the study area. Well structured, validated and reliable interview schedule was used to elicit information from 300 respondents across the two states. Four research objectives and two hypotheses were formulated and tested in the study. Findings from the study revealed that the community based projects provided in the study area based on rural-urban interactions were donation of books to schools (96%), building of classrooms in community schools (84%), voluntary sanitation of the community (64.3%), erection of town halls (60%) and construction of health centres (56%). Most (53.7%) of the respondents derived high level of satisfaction from the motivational factors for rural-urban interactions while majority (61.7%) of the respondents indicated a high level of participation in the projects based on rural-urban interactions. Moreover, a strong and positive relationship exist between the types of the community based projects and rural dwellers’ level of participation in the community based projects with educational projects (r = 0.500); health projects (r = 0.635); water projects (r = 0.586); social development projects (r = 0.700); at p< 0.05, respectively. A positive relationship exist between the rural area and the urban centres in terms of sustainable development as the multiple types of flows and interactions could be harnessed for sustainable rural transformation. Therefore, the study recommended that spatial and sectoral rural-urban interactions should be harnessed by the stakeholders involved in community development projects and policy making in Nigeria to promote the standard of living in the rural areas.


Rural-urban interactions, rural dwellers, participation, community based projects

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2023
Volume: 21
Issue: 2
Category: Environment
Pages: 126-132

Full text for Subscribers

Note to users

The requested document is freely available only to subscribers / registered users with an online subscription to this Journal. If you have set up a personal subscription to this title please enter your user name and password ( All abstracts are available for free.

Article purchasing

If you like to purchase this specific document such as article, visit the site Software and compilation, Science & Technology, all rights reserved. Your use of this website details or service is governed by terms of use. Authors are invited to check from time to time news or information.

Purchase this Article:   20 Purchase PDF Order Reprints for 15

Share this article :