Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 7, Issue 2,2009
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Energy use and input-output energy analysis for apple production in Turkey


Nuray Kızılaslan

Recieved Date: 2009-01-07, Accepted Date: 2009-04-11


Due to the convenient ecological conditions and Turkey’s being gene center, apple has been grown almost everywhere in the country since ancient times. Because of this, determining whether the energy used in producing apple is effective or not, will be guiding for applications within the related policies. For this reason energy input and output analysis are evaluated in this study. With this analysis, apple production and the energy equivalents of the energy input used in apple production in Tokat city have been tried to find out. The data have been gathered in a survey conducted in the firms in Tokat where apples are produced intensely. In the survey following information is gathered. The highest input used in apple production belongs to the fertilizer with 36.19% among the energy equivalents used in apple production. Fuel (diesel) follows this ratio with 26.57% and electricity with 23.90%. The equivalents of the inputs of chemicals, labour, machinery and irrigation were found less. The ratio of output/input estimated in apple production is 1.10. That means the input is effectively used in apple production. It is essential to use the resources effectively for providing the continual development. Amelioration and awareness of human resources is always a source of motivation in continual development.


Analysis of output/input, energy, energy use, apples, Turkey

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2009
Volume: 7
Issue: 2
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 419-423

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