Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 5, Issue 2,2007
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Chemical composition of black plum (Vitex doniana): an under-utilized fruit


J. O. Agbede 1*, A. A. Ibitoye 2

Recieved Date: 2006-12-11, Accepted Date: 2007-03-10


Samples of Vitex doniana fruit were collected from Akure metropolis. The dried edible portion was washed, ground into powder and analyzed for the proximate composition and mineral content. Thereafter, the phytin, tannin, ascorbic acid and sugar contents of the powder were also determined using standard procedures. The mean values for the proximate composition were: moisture 487.7±0.5, ash 52.7±0.1, fat 30.0±0.4, fibre 67.3±0.7, protein 72.8±0.1 and carbohydrate 289.5±0.8 g kg-1. Phytin, phytin-phosphorus and tannin levels were 100, 28.2±0.1 and 50 mg kg-1, respectively. The fruit contained relatively adequate quantities of nutritionally needed macro-mineral elements, and the concentration of sugars ranged between 474 and 40,000 mg kg-1. Though it has lower vitamin C content when compared with other well known fruits, it is safe for consumption and could be a cheap source of raw material for juice production in this region.


Vitex doniana, proximate composition, minerals, anti-nutrients, vitamin C, sugars

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2007
Volume: 5
Issue: 2
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 95-96

Full text for Subscribers

Note to users

The requested document is freely available only to subscribers/registered users with an online subscription to the Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment. If you have set up a personal subscription to this title please enter your user name and password. All abstracts are available for free.

Article purchasing

If you like to purchase this specific document such as article, review or this journal issue, contact us. Specify the title of the article or review, issue, number, volume and date of the publication. Software and compilation, Science & Technology, all rights reserved. Your use of this website details or service is governed by terms of use. Authors are invited to check from time to time news or information.

Purchase this Article:   20 Purchase PDF Order Reprints for 15

Share this article :