Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 4, Issue 3&4,2006
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Response of upland cotton to hill density and plant population under early and late planting production systems in a semi-arid environment


Vincent B. Ogunlela *, Ehiabhi C. Odion

Recieved Date: 2006-06-20, Accepted Date: 2006-09-11


An experiment was conducted at Samaru, Nigeria, during three cropping seasons (1996-1998) to investigate the response of upland cotton to hill density and plant population under normal and late planting production systems. Treatments were factorial combinations of three hill densities (one, two or three plants hill-1), three plant populations (50,000; 100,000 or 150,000 plants ha-1) and two planting systems (early and late). Under early planting, seedcotton and lint yields were higher by 22.1 and 24.3% at one or three plants hill-1 over two plants hill-1 respectively in 1996, while seedcotton increased 21.0% at two plants hill-1 in 1997. Cotton yields were not influenced by plant population. Number of fruiting points was highest at two or three plants hill-1; while weight of bolls per plant, which was highest at 50,000 plants ha-1, declined as plant population increased. Number of bolls and number of branches increased 9.7 and 27.8% respectively at 50,000 plants ha-1 relative to 150,000 plants ha-1. Height to first fruiting node increased with plant population. Lint and cottonseed yields and boll mass responded to neither hill density nor plant population but ginning out-turn was highest at one or three plants hill-1. Under early planting, seedcotton yield increased with hill density in 1997, otherwise none of the three yield parameters responded to hill density or plant population in any of the years. Seedcotton per plant declined as plant population increased while it was lowest at two plants hill-1 relative to one or three plants hill-1. Seed and boll parameters did not respond to hill density or to plant population. Number of branches and height to first fruiting node were highest at one and two plants hill-1 respectively; while the former and number of bolls declined as plant population increased. Seedcotton yield and height to first fruiting node were highest at either 100,000 or 150,000 plants ha-1, having increased some 29.1%. Both lint and seedcotton yields declined by 17.9 and 18.3% respectively as hill density increased but increased 19.3 and 19.6% with plant population. Upland cotton yield responded better to high plant population under late planting than under early planting.


Upland cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L., hill density, plant population, planting date, semi-arid environment, yield

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2006
Volume: 4
Issue: 3&4
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 151-156

Full text for Subscribers

Note to users

The requested document is freely available only to subscribers/registered users with an online subscription to the Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment. If you have set up a personal subscription to this title please enter your user name and password. All abstracts are available for free.

Article purchasing

If you like to purchase this specific document such as article, review or this journal issue, contact us. Specify the title of the article or review, issue, number, volume and date of the publication. Software and compilation, Science & Technology, all rights reserved. Your use of this website details or service is governed by terms of use. Authors are invited to check from time to time news or information.

Purchase this Article:   20 Purchase PDF Order Reprints for 15

Share this article :