Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment




Vol 4, Issue 2,2006
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255


Evidence that sensitivity to 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) affects perception of retro-nasal aroma intensity


Author(s):

Gary J. Pickering 1, 2, 3*, Gina Haverstock 1, David DiBattista 3

Recieved Date: 2005-12-18, Accepted Date: 2006-03-22

Abstract:

6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) is widely used for bitterness sensitivity tests, and individuals can be classified as being non-tasters (NT), medium-tasters (MT) or super-tasters (ST), with the last group giving the highest ratings to PROP. These perceptual differences can be very pronounced and extend to other compounds and taste modalities. We investigated whether this differential taste sensitivity between individuals extends to perception of aroma. Using a balanced, replicated design, 46 subjects (NT=15, MT=16, ST=15) used the Labeled Magnitude Scale to rate the intensity of aqueous solutions containing one of 3 odorants (acetaldehyde, diacetyl and linalool) presented at 3 concentrations under 4 conditions: (C1) ortho-nasally, (C2) retro-nasally, (C3) retro-nasally with the addition of an astringent stimulant (aluminium sulfate) and (C4) retro-nasally with the addition of a bitter stimulant ((-)-epicatechin). Unexpectedly, ST rated odor intensities higher than NT and MT in C2, C3 and C4. Taken overall, the data suggest a ‘global’ advantage for ST with respect to perception of olfactory stimuli.

Keywords:

Food, health, PROP, 6-n-propylthiouracil, psychophysics, olfaction, flavor, taste, astringency, bitterness, aroma, supertasters


Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2006
Volume: 4
Issue: 2
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 15-22


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