Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 4, Issue 1,2006
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Effects of pre-treatments on the physicochemical quality and sensory acceptance of osmo-air-dehydrated ‘dwarf’ golden apples (Spondias cytherea Sonn.)


Jeanette Browne, Neela Badrie *

Recieved Date: 2005-08-11, Accepted Date: 2005-11-21


The objectives of the study were to investigate the effects of fruit peeling, high (95ºC) and low temperature (24ºC) brining and addition of red or yellow colourant on physicochemical quality and sensory acceptance of osmo/air dehydrated (OD) candied dwarf golden apples (Spondias cytherea Sonn). From a survey, only 3.6% had consumed golden apples as candied products. Green mature fruits were initially immersed in brine solution (5 g 100 g-1 NaCl or 10 g 100 g-1 NaCl) for 18 h, soaked in 40ºBrix acidified sucrose/corn fructose syrup for 24 h, followed in 65ºBrix corn fructose/sucrose syrup for 24 hours at 24ºC and convection-air-dried at 45ºC for 24 hours. Focus groups found that OD golden apples with peel were toug hand rubbery. Hot brining resulted in a less (P<0.05) orange colour, softer (P<0.05) and more acceptable texture. Red-coloured OD fruits in 5 g 100g -1 NaCl were more acceptable (liked moderately to extremely) compared to yellow-coloured products (liked slightly to moderately). The pH of OD golden apples was 3.4–3.6, total soluble solids (TSS) 73.6-76.3ºBrix and titratable acidity 0.35–0.63 g 100 g-1 citric acid. On storage at 24ºC for 6 weeks, TSS increased, texture became firmer, pH decreased, colour became significantly (P<0.05) darker and more yellow OD golden apples were microbiologically stable (<10 cfu g-1) for total aerobic counts, lactic acid bacteria and yeasts and moulds throughout storage.


Golden apples, Spondias cytherea Sonn, corn syrup/sucrose solution, osmo/air dehydration, physico-chemical quality, sensory acceptance

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2006
Volume: 4
Issue: 1
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 11-16

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