Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment




Centralized and decentralized approaches in municipal solid waste management: Reflections with reference to Thiruvananthapuram Municipal Corporation


Author(s):

Vishnu J. Menon, Antony Palackal

Recieved Date: 2021-07-11, Accepted Date: 2021-09-20

Abstract:

Changes occurring in lifestyle, consumption pattern and increasing urbanization has resulted in un-controlled generation of municipal solid waste (MSW) across the world. Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) has turned out to be a critical challenge as the generation of MSW is increasing, with limited options for its management. Various strategies have been tried and tested for obtaining a sustainable result in MSWM. Nonetheless, they have created negative health, environment and social impacts. Further, the attitude of the common man towards the waste he/she generates, often acts as a barrier for adopting sustainable strategies for MSWM. There are two main approaches followed in MSW: centralized and decentralized. There exists an ongoing debate with regard to the efficiency of the two approaches. Taking Thiruvananthapuram Municipal Corporation (TMC) in Kerala as a case, this paper examines the merits, demerits and practicability of these two approaches, and tries to suggest a sustainable model to curb the issue of MSWM.

Keywords:

Municipal solid waste, Municipal solid waste management, centralized approach, decentralized approach, Vilappilsala Centralized Municipal Solid Waste, Treatment Plant, Thiruvananthapuram Municipal Corporation, Kerala


Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2021
Volume: 19
Issue: 3&4
Category: Environment
Pages: 75-80


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