Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment




Vol 17, Issue 3&4,2019
Online ISSN:
Print ISSN: 1459-0263


Economics of post-tsunami aid and the pre-tsunami community role of government-led relocation policies: A case study of Tamil Nadu State, India


Author(s):

Abhay Joshi

Recieved Date: 2019-07-26, Accepted Date: 2019-09-04

Abstract:

After the devastating natural disaster of a tsunami hits coastal areas, the need arises for a reconstruction policy to relocate tsunami survivors to safe areas. However, relocation cannot happen without the cooperation of the survivors, which is often difficult to obtain. What are the statistically important determinants of relocating survivors to safe areas? To answer this question, we conduct a questionnaire survey in two adjacent fishing communities in India (Koraikuppam and Sathankuppam). After the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami caused devastating damage to these communities, the government and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) offered the survivors new houses that were built in safe areas. However, the responses to this offer by these two communities were quite opposite. All the residents of Sathankuppam moved to the new government-provided houses, whereas no Koraikuppam residents moved. Our logistic regression analysis suggests that both pre- and post-tsunami factors are statistically important determinants for residents making relocation decisions. Residents are more likely to move if their community has formed clear, fair, and agreeable community rules before a tsunami. We also find that the sufficiency of material aid, the fairness of financial aid distribution, and the speed of financial aid are statistically important determinants of relocation. Residents are more likely to move if material aid is sufficient and financial aid is fairly distributed. Surprisingly, when financial aid is delayed, residents are more likely to relocate to new government-provided houses.

Keywords:

Disaster, financial aid, tsunami, relocation, survivors


Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2019
Volume: 17
Issue: 3&4
Category: Environment
Pages: 65-71


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