Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment




Vol 15, Issue 3&4,2017
Online ISSN: 1459-0263


Impact of the traditional gold mine management on public health and agricultural land: A Study of traditional gold mining in Poboya, Sausu and Dongi-Dongi Village, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia


Author(s):

Muhammad Basir-Cyio 1, Mahfudz 1, Takanobu Inoue 2, Alam Anshary 1, Tomori Kawakami 3, Nurdin Rahman 4, Golar 5, Muhammad Rusydi 6, Muhammad Nur Ali 7, Muhammad Rizal Razman 8, Bohari 4*

Recieved Date: 2017-07-18, Accepted Date: 2017-08-04

Abstract:

This study aimed to assess the impact of the traditional gold mine management use of mercury in uncontrolled number on public health and agricultural land. This study used an observational studies method on the three traditional mining locations: Poboya, Sausu, and Dongi-Dongi as the representative locations of the mine area. The data is mercury level and acute respiratory infection (ARI) and skin allergies were the secondary data, and agriculture land degradation was performed using a “key of interpretation” in the form of “monogram” Landsat satellite. The results showed that the mercury level in the air in Poboya reached 12,782 ng/m3 and around Palu City between 2,096-3,299 ng/m3. At least 200-500 kg of mercury is released to the environment in one day and about 73-183 tons of mercury per year. ARI and skin allergies have increased significantly from 2012-2016 with the average of increase of 46. 10% sufferers (ARI) and 61.75% people with skin allergies. The changes land use form agriculture become to mine area namely 32.91 ha (Poboya) and 21.35 ha (Sausu). In conclusion, uncontrolled use of mercury in traditional gold mining activities, eventually caused problems to the environment as well as public health of the society.

Keywords:

Traditional mining, mercury, acute respiratory infection, land degradation


Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2017
Volume: 15
Issue: 3&4
Category: Environment
Pages: 115-122


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