Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment




Vol 12, Issue 3&4,2014
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255


Growth and visual symptoms of nutrient deficiencies in young Mentha piperita plants


Author(s):

Diocléa Almeida Seabra Silva 1*, Mário Lopes da Silva Júnior 1, Ismael de Jesus Matos Viégas 2*, Allan Klynger da Silva Lobato 3, Vânia Silva de Melo 1, Sônia Maria Araújo Botelho 1, George Rodrigues da Silva 1, Joze Melisa Nunes de Freitas 1, Cândido Ferreira de Oliveira Neto 1, Milton Leite Alves da Cunha 4, Ana Regina da Rocha Araujo 1

Recieved Date: 2014-02-10, Accepted Date: 2014-09-21

Abstract:

The characterization of the deficiency symptoms of macronutrients and micronutrients on the growth of young plants of Mentha piperita were evaluated by the missing element technique. The experiment was carried out under greenhouse conditions at Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia. The experimental design was completely randomized blocks with 12 treatments and four replicates and a total of 48 plots. The following treatments were tested: (C) Complete (macro-and micro-nutrients) and omissions of N, P, K, Ca, Mg, S, B ,Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn. The variables analyzed were: height, stem diameter, leaf area and dry matter production. The omissions of nutrients induced morphological changes translated into deficiency symptoms. The omission of N and Ca showed the first visual symptoms of deficiency, followed by P, K, Mg, S, B, Cu, Fe and Mn=Zn; omissions of N, P, K, Mg, S, B, Cu, Fe, Zn and Mn = compromise the plant growth. The most limiting nutrients for the plant growth based on the total dry matter and foliar area was N, followed by Ca; boron is the micronutrient that most affects the plant growth.

Keywords:

Mentha piperita, mineral nutrition, nutritional deficiency


Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2014
Volume: 12
Issue: 3&4
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 292-296


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