Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 10, Issue 1,2012
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Performance and characterization of five sweet corn cultivars as influenced by soil properties


Dragan Žnidarčič

Recieved Date: 2011-09-19, Accepted Date: 2012-01-12


The aim of investigation was to study the effects of aspect (different types of soil) on some sweet corn (Zea mays L. var. saccharata Korn.) growth [(seed emergence (%), days to maturity)], yield [(kernel number (m-2), kernel weight (mg)] and physicochemical [(soluble carbohydrate (%)] properties. The present research was conducted on the Experimental Field (46º04′ N lat., 14º31′ long. E, 300 m a. s. l.; clay loam soil) of the Biotechnical Faculty in Ljubljana and commercial farm near Murska Sobota (46º38′ lat. N, 16º11′ long. E, 190 m a. s. l., sandy loam soil), Slovenia. Five cultivars were tested and the trials were set up in a randomised complete block design (RCBD), with each cultivar replicated four times at each location. The cultivars studied were Tasty Sweet Trophy F1, Tasty Gold F1, Gold Cup F1, Sweet Nugget and Zucckergold. The fastest germination was found in sandy loam soil. Days to maturity ranged from 108 (Tasty Sweet Trophy F1 on sandy loam) to 119 (Sweet Nugget on clay loam) days, but the difference was not significant. The number of kernels m-2 varied based on cultivars and locations. The highest kernel weight cultivar was Tasty Sweet Trophy F1, regardless of the type of the soil texture. Sugars might affect flavour and the acceptance of sweet corn by consumers. The results indicated that the type of soil had no significant influence on soluble sugars composition. However, in both of the experimental locations, sucrose was the major sugar in the five cultivars of sweet corn. On average, cv. Zucckergold showed the highest sucrose content irrespective of soil type.


Sweet corn, Zea mays L. var. saccharata, plant characteristics, soluble sugars, Slovenia

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2012
Volume: 10
Issue: 1
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 495-500

Full text for Subscribers

Note to users

The requested document is freely available only to subscribers/registered users with an online subscription to the Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment. If you have set up a personal subscription to this title please enter your user name and password. All abstracts are available for free.

Article purchasing

If you like to purchase this specific document such as article, review or this journal issue, contact us. Specify the title of the article or review, issue, number, volume and date of the publication. Software and compilation, Science & Technology, all rights reserved. Your use of this website details or service is governed by terms of use. Authors are invited to check from time to time news or information.

Purchase this Article:   20 Purchase PDF Order Reprints for 15

Share this article :