Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment




Vol 7, Issue 3&4,2009
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255


Chemical compositions and antimicrobial property of three edible and medicinal Cordyceps species


Author(s):

Jian-Hui Xiao 1, 2*, Dai-Min Xiao 2, Zhong-Hua Sun 2, Qing Xiong 2, Zong-Qi Liang 2, Jian-Jiang Zhong 1, 3*

Recieved Date: 2009-07-26, Accepted Date: 2009-10-12

Abstract:

To evaluate the nutritional and health-promoting value of three edible and medicinal mushrooms Cordyceps gunniiC. taii and C. jiangxiensis, and get a considerable data for establishing the quality control standard of Cordyceps preparations, in this study, we investigated their proximate compositions, nutraceutical ingredients and antimicrobial properties. The polysaccharide, cordycepic acid, and nucleosides contents were quantitated. The relative nucleoside contents, in descending order, were C. jiangxiensis > C. taii > C. gunnii, while cordycepin was not detected in any of the species. C. gunniiC. taii and C. jiangxiensis all contained high levels of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) and essential amino acids. The percent of UFA relative to total fatty acids was 78.7% for C. gunnii, 66.9% for C. taii and 79.0% for C. jiangxiensis. All Cordyceps species displayed similar amino acid profiles, with a high level of total amino acids ranging from 146.0 to 168.3 mg/g. Glutamic acid and aspartic acid were the two principal amino acids, which comprised over 10% of the total amino acid contents. Essential amino acids made up 37.05%, 39.39% and 39.37% of the total amino acids of C. gunniiC. taii and C. jiangxiensis, respectively. Abundant amounts of iron, zinc and selenium were found in this species, while toxic microelements were presented at very low amounts. Among these species tested, only C. taii showed a potent antimicrobial effect, and its active ingredients mainly were from three extraction fractions including chloroform, acetidin and acetone. These results suggested that this species may be a promising source of nutraceuticals and drugs.

Keywords:

Cordyceps, chemical composition, nutraceutical ingredient, antimicrobial


Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2009
Volume: 7
Issue: 3&4
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 91-100


View full PDF
Information:

Note to users

The requested document is freely available only to subscribers/registered users with an online subscription to the Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment. If you have set up a personal subscription to this title please enter your user name and password. All abstracts are available for free.

Article purchasing

If you like to purchase this specific document such as article, review or this journal issue, contact us. Specify the title of the article or review, issue, number, volume and date of the publication. Software and compilation, Science & Technology, all rights reserved. Your use of this website details or service is governed by terms of use. Authors are invited to check from time to time news or information.


Purchase this Article:   20 Purchase PDF Order Reprints for 15

Share this article :