Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 9, Issue 2,2011
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Nutritional assessment of a complementary diet prepared from germinated maize, cowpea and pigeon pea


Mopelola Ajoke Sodipo, Joseph Bandele Fashakin *

Recieved Date: 2011-01-16, Accepted Date: 2011-03-29


The complementary diets prepared from germinated maize, cowpea and pigeon pea were compared with Nutrend, a vegetable commercial food. The formulated diets were fed to weaning rats for a period of 28 days. Food intake, animal weights, tissue weights and nitrogen contents were assessed. The protein efficiency ratio, net protein ratio, feed efficiency ratio, biological value, true digestibility and net protein utilization were calculated. The results showed that the formulated diets supported growth of the animals. The protein efficiency ratio of germinated maize-cowpea-pigeon pea and Nutrend were comparable to those of standards, which stipulated a value of 2.1. The biological value, net protein utilization and true digestibility of the diets were compared with those of casein. Therefore, it was concluded that germination and mixing of digestible plant proteins offer a good potential in the formulation of complementary foods for the feeding of infants and children.


Germinated, weaning foods, animal growth, protein quality, protein-energy-malnutrition

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2011
Volume: 9
Issue: 2
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 63-65

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