Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 9, Issue 2,2011
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Global overview of human infections with the avian influenza viruses and possible control measures


Patrick U. Owai

Recieved Date: 2010-11-23, Accepted Date: 2011-04-07


A retrospective study of avian influenza virus infections in humans globally (2003-2006) revealed that a total of 169 cases of avian influenza virus infections were reported in seven world countries out of which 91 persons representing 53.8% died. Out of the total number of reported cases, Cambodia reported 4 cases out of which the 4 died representing 100%. China reported 12 cases out which 8 persons representing 66.7% died. Indonesia reported 25 cases out of which 18 persons representing 72.0% died. Iraq reported 1 case and lost the person representing 100% mortality. Thailand reported 22 cases out which 14 persons representing 63.6% died. Turkey reported 12 cases out of which 4 representing 33.3% died. Vietnam reported 93 cases and lost 42 representing 45.2%. Nigeria has so far not reported any positive cases. In the year 2003, only 3 cases were reported globally and the 3 died representing 100%. In the year 2004, 46 cases were reported globally out of which 32 died representing 69.6%. In 2005, 95 cases were reported globally out which 41 persons, representing 43.2% died. So far, in the year 2006, 25 cases have been reported out of which 15 persons died representing 60.0%. Possible control measures include prompt treatment of suspected human infections with antiviral drugs, continuous surveillance, avoidance of direct contact with poultry, avoidance of eating undercooked eggs or poultry meat, regular hand washing practice and above all proper handling of poultry and poultry products during food preparation.


Global overview, human infections, avian influenza viruses, possible control measures

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2011
Volume: 9
Issue: 2
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 33-36

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