Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment




Vol 9, Issue 1,2011
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255


Application of superabsorbent polymer: A new approach for wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production in drought-affected areas of northern China


Author(s):

M. Robiul Islam 1, 2, 3, Yuegao Hu 2, Chen Fei 1, Xin Qian 2, A. Egrinya Eneji 4, Xuzhang Xue 1*

Recieved Date: 2010-10-18, Accepted Date: 2011-01-07

Abstract:

In arid and semiarid regions of northern China, there is an increasing interest in using water-saving superabsorbent polymer (SAP) for field crop production. Meanwhile, there is no scientific study done to determine a specific rate of SAP to be applied for winter wheat. Field experiments were conducted during 2009-2010 winter wheat growing season to evaluate the effectiveness of different rates of SAP (low,10; medium, 20; high, 30 and very high, 40 kg ha-1) for winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production in a drought-affected field of northern China. Although wheat yield increased little for low or medium rate, it increased significantly for high and very high rate by 30.8 and 30.0%, respectively. At the same time plant height, biomass accumulation, harvest index and relative water content as well as protein, sugar and starch contents in the grain also increased significantly following SAP treatments. The optimum application rate of SAP in the study area would be 30 kg ha-1 as it increases both wheat yield and soil fertility. Lower rates (10 and 20 kg ha-1) are not sufficient and higher rate (40 kg ha-1) is not economic. We suggest that the application of SAP at 30 kg ha-1 could be an efficient soil management practice for winter wheat production in the drought-affected regions of northern China or the areas with similar ecologies.

Keywords:

Water-saving superabsorbent polymer, winter wheat, arid and semiarid regions, China


Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2011
Volume: 9
Issue: 1
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 304-309


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