Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment




Vol 9, Issue 1,2011
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255


Nursery growing in controlled greenhouse and orchard by using various grafting methods in some apple (Malus domestica L.) varieties


Author(s):

Fatoş Koyuncu, Nilda Ersoy *

Recieved Date: 2010-10-22, Accepted Date: 2011-01-20

Abstract:

This research was carried out at the Selçuk University, Agricultural Faculty, Horticultural Department Research Areas in 2010 growing season. The aim of the research was to study the advantages of apple nursery growing controlled greenhouse rather than external environment. Scions of Fuji, Galaxy Gala, Golden Reinders, Pink Lady and Summer Red apple varieties were grafted by the whip grafting and chip budding techniques on M9 apple rootstocks. At the end of the research, grafting success in greenhouse was 88% and in the external environment 65%; height of the saplings in greenhouse was 24.929 cm and in external environment was 23.290 cm. Rootstock diameters were between 7.593-9.062 mm and scion diameters between 6.826-8.382 mm. Summer Red (100%) grafted with whip grafting technique in greenhouse and the Pink Lady (93%) grafted with whip grafting had the highest proportions of grafting success. Whip grafting was more successful than the chip budding both in greenhouse and the external environment.

Keywords:

Apple, varieties, M9, grafting, sapling, greenhouse


Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2011
Volume: 9
Issue: 1
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 243-246


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