Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment




Vol 9, Issue 1,2011
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255


Bile resistance and bile salt deconjugation activity of Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum G4 in a simulated colonic pH


Author(s):

Babak Rasti 1, Mustafa Shuhaimi 2, M. H. Anis Shobirin 1, Leila Nateghi 3, Amir Meimandipour 1, A. Manap Mohd Yazid 1*

Recieved Date: 2010-10-16, Accepted Date: 2011-01-09

Abstract:

The ability of Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum G4 to survive and tolerate bile acids exposure and its bile salt hydrolase activity was investigated. The growth rate of B. pseudocatenulatum G4 (106, 108 and 1010cfu/ml) decreased in the presence of 2.0% oxgall compared to the control (without oxgall), however, the colonic concentration of bile acids (0.1%) did not show any significant effect (p<0.05) on the growth rate of this strain in three different simulated colonic pH (5.7, 6.2 and 6.8). Bile salt hydrolase activity, which is the measurement of enzyme activity responsible for bile salt deconjugation, was quantified by high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) assay. B. pseudocatenulatum G4 demonstrated high deconjugation rate (82 to 100%) in TPY broth supplemented with 0.25 mM and 5.0 mM of all six different types of bile acids including: taurocholic acid (TCA), glycocholic acid (GCA), taurochenodeoxycholic acid (TCDCA), glycochenodeoxycholic (GCDCA), taurodeoxycholic acid (TDCA) and glycodeoxycholic acid (GDCA). Overall, the percentage of deconjugation activity was higher in TPY medium supplemented with 0.25 mM bile acids compared to TPY broth with 5.0 mM bile acids. Also, B. pseudocatenulatum G4 showed good tolerance to bile acids. Generally, B. pseudocatenulatumG4 deconjugated glycoconjugated bile acids in higher amount compared to tauroconjugate ones. Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum G4 demonstrated good tolerance of bile acids suggesting that it would be capable of surviving in the colon and deconjugating bile salts if used as a probiotic.

Keywords:

Secondary bile salt, bile resistance, hydrolase, deconjugation, Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum G4, colonic pH, glycoconjugate, tauroconjugate, probiotic, oxgall, growth rate


Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2011
Volume: 9
Issue: 1
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 89-94


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