Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 7, Issue 2,2009
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Traditional home gardens and livelihood security in North-East India


U. K. Sahoo

Recieved Date: 2009-01-27, Accepted Date: 2009-04-19


Crop diversity, agricultural sustainability and livelihood security of 45 traditional home gardens located in three villages of north-east India was studied during 2006-2007. Individual households having 0.10 ha of land was taken as the sampling units. Crop composition, species richness and diversity, dominance and evenness indices were determined using various phyto-sociological tools, uses of plant species and extraction pattern of the products was estimated by direct observation and interviewing the farmers through Participatory Rural Appraisal method. Our results depict home gardens as dynamic in structure with high crop diversity having a mixture of annuals and perennials and with varied economical and ecological functions. A total of 231 species (105 trees, 50 shrubs and 76 herbs) belonging to 88 families were observed composing the gardens and among these 27% species were common to all gardens. Eight of the species are found to have contributed >Rs. 10,000/annum each to the household income.


Diversity, homegardens, Mizo, structure, function and sustainable livelihood

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2009
Volume: 7
Issue: 2
Category: Environment
Pages: 665-670

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