Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 7, Issue 2,2009
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

An analysis of energy use and input costs for wheat production in Turkey


Tolga Tipi 1*, Bahattin Çetin 1, Ali Vardar 2

Recieved Date: 2009-01-12, Accepted Date: 2009-04-02


This research was conducted to examine the energy requirements of inputs and to make an economic analysis for wheat production for various farm sizes. The data used in the research were collected from 97 wheat farms from three provinces of Marmara region of Turkey in the production year 2004/2005. The farms were chosen by stratified random sampling method. The research results revealed that wheat production consumed a total of 20,653.54 MJ ha-1 energy depending mainly on fossil fuels. The energy input of diesel (45.15%) has the biggest share in the total energy consumption followed by fertilizers (34.21%), mainly nitrogen (31.77%). The average energy output-input ratio was 3.09 and increased as the farm size increased. The benefit/cost ratio was the highest in large farms with the ratio of 1.78. There is more non-renewable form of energy input (84.6%) than renewable form (15.4%) since the energy is mainly obtained from fossil fuels in wheat production.


Wheat production, wheat production costs, energy ratio, energy input, Turkey

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2009
Volume: 7
Issue: 2
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 352-356

Full text for Subscribers

Note to users

The requested document is freely available only to subscribers/registered users with an online subscription to the Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment. If you have set up a personal subscription to this title please enter your user name and password. All abstracts are available for free.

Article purchasing

If you like to purchase this specific document such as article, review or this journal issue, contact us. Specify the title of the article or review, issue, number, volume and date of the publication. Software and compilation, Science & Technology, all rights reserved. Your use of this website details or service is governed by terms of use. Authors are invited to check from time to time news or information.

Purchase this Article:   20 Purchase PDF Order Reprints for 15

Share this article :