Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment




Vol 5, Issue 3&4,2007
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255


Polyphenol content and browning of Canadian icewines


Author(s):

Paul A. Kilmartin 1, Andrew G. Reynolds 2*, Vinay Pagay 2, Canan Nurgel 2, Robin Johnson 2

Recieved Date: 2007-04-28, Accepted Date: 2007-07-22

Abstract:

The polyphenol composition of a range of Ontario icewines and late harvest wines was quantified. For 1999-2000 experimental wines, the FAUX icewines (harvested above -8°C and before 18 December) had high concentrations of hydroxycinnamates (10 to 37 mg/L in Riesling; 53 to 82 mg/ L in Vidal) which dropped to concentrations below 10 mg/L for the REAL icewines (harvested at temperatures -8°C or below and after 28 December). However, in 2002 experimental icewines, high concentrations of hydroxycinnamates were seen in both REAL and FAUX wines (40 to 84 mg/L in Riesling; 106 to 129 mg/L in Vidal), but all of the grapes were harvested before 11 December. Low to moderate concentrations of total hydroxycinnamates were observed in commercial icewines (10 to 40 mg/L) and late harvest wines (5 to 60 mg/L). Freeze concentration during icewine making appears to have substantial impact upon polyphenol composition and concentration, but time of harvest and growing season appear to be equally important.

Keywords:

Polyphenols, icewine, browning, Vidal, Riesling


Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2007
Volume: 5
Issue: 3&4
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 52-57


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