Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 10, Issue 1,2012
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Effect of nutrient solution and temperature on capsaicin content and yield contributing characteristics in six sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) cultivars


M. J. Rahman, H. Inden *

Recieved Date: 2011-09-14, Accepted Date: 2012-01-04


Capsaicin is a unique pungent ingredient in Capsicum spp. and mechanism responsible for the increase in capsaicin content in non-pungent Capsicum spp. is an important task. Capsaicin biosynthesis is regulated by developmental and environmental factors. In this study, capsaicin content in green and ripe fruits in six cultivars of sweet pepper and yield contributing characters by applying temperature and nutrient solution formulations were investigated. Six cultivars of sweet pepper (e.g., VWonder bell, VFurupi-red, V3 Papri-E-red, VPapri new-E-red, VAVRDC PP 0436-6055, and VAVRDC PP 0436-6006) were grown under two growing conditions of high temperature (T1) and low temperature (T2) applying three nutrient formulations (e.g., SHoagland and Arnon No. 2, Sdouble strength of S1, and Scustomized nutrient formulation) using solid soilless culture technique. The capsaicin content differed among six cultivars, two different temperature conditions and three nutrient solution formulations. The highest capsaicin contained fruits were found from V6 cultivar and S3 treatment grown under high temperature treatment (T1) over low temperature (T2). The capsaicin content was found higher in ripe fruits than in green fruits of sweet pepper at both of the temperature treatments applying S3 nutrient formulation. The capsaicin biosynthesis involved the activity of capsaicin synthase in the placental tissue and capsaicin synthesis might be increased in high temperature, nutrient solution formulation and advancement of fruit maturity. Therefore, high temperature and nutrient solution formulation had important effects on capsaicin contents at both of the fruit maturity stages in sweet pepper cultivars. The improving tendency in yield and yield contributing characters was found in high temperature treatment and customized nutrient formulation in V6 and V4 cultivars. In our study it indicated that nutrient formulation and high temperature had positive effects on yield and yield contributing characters in sweet pepper.


Fruit maturity, green fruit, ripe fruit, soilless culture, HPLC, high temperature

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2012
Volume: 10
Issue: 1
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 524-529

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